ms^2: Emergency Spaceframe Shelter
The purpose of this Thesis Project is to create a shelter structure, in order to provide solutions to multiple types of crises, i.e. emergencies that can be caused due to environmental factors, such as earthquakes, floods and tsunami, or even due to human factors.
The structure of this shelter is a form of architecture, whose main purpose is to cover the fundamental (physiological) human needs, in case of emergency. The shelter can function either as an autonomous unit or as a temporarily housing estate, taking into consideration that the initial unit has been multiplied.
The shelter needs to consist of light construction materials, provided that it will be easily transferred, stored and constructed, so as to respond to the above cases of emergency. Moreover, this construction needs to adapt both to flat and inclined surfaces, as well to dry and slippery surfaces. Finally, it needs to adjust to cold and hot climate changes.
We focused on the system and the way of creation and function of space-frame, in order to create this closed unit of habitation which will be able to adapt to the crisis conditions.
Initially, we testified the structure of the space-frame like a system which will consist of a repetitive unit. We started by doubling this unit, creating spaces, which are very complex to be called “viable”. That way, by examining the initial non-flexible form of space-frame, we removed some struts, which during their removal attributed to the system controlled degree of freedom resulting to the closed structure of shelter that was the initial goal.
The structure may be complex, the internal surface, though, is a clear surface, which could be either an inflatable device or fabric in order to adapt to the climatic characteristics of the space.